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Glaucoma is an eye disease that can cause blindness. It develops due to elevated intra-ocular pressure within the eye. Depending on the severity of glaucoma, laser treatment or incisional surgery may be necessary. The increased pressure affects the optic nerve and may cause vision loss.
Glaucoma is classified either as open-angle or angle-closure glaucoma. Open-angle glaucoma is the more common and painless form. The goal of treatment is to slow the progression of glaucoma.
Glaucoma medications can help you keep your vision, but they may also produce side effects.
Depending on the severity of glaucoma, laser treatment or incisional surgery may be necessary. There are two main types of laser surgery to treat glaucoma. They help aqueous drain from the eye. Using a highly focused light beam, a tiny hole is burned into your eye tissue to allow fluid to drain more freely.
Treatments for acute angle-closure glaucoma, usually laser treatment, are permanent and do not require long-term therapy.
For this type of glaucoma, making a hole in the iris to allow fluid to drain, called an iridectomy, is the standard treatment to cure it. Unfortunately, any vision lost as a result of glaucoma usually cannot be restored.